Wednesday, December 31, 2014

GREETINGS.....2015

@nagigs
ॐ सर्व मंगल मांगल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थ साधिके शरण्ये त्रयम्बके गौरी नारायणी नमोस्तुते !!!
या देवी सर्वभूतेशु मातृ रूपेण संस्थिता
नमस्तस्ये नमस्तस्ये नमस्तस्ये नमो नम : नागी जी ऐस ।
मेरी तरफ़ से नव वर्ष की हार्दिक शुभकामनाये मित्रों 2015 आप सब के लिये मंगलमय हो
A VERY ‪#‎MARRY‬ ‪#‎CHRISTMAS‬ AND A ‪#‎PROSPEROUS‬ NEW ‪#‎YEAR‬ TWENTY FIFTEEN TO ALL MY ‪#‎FRIENDS‬ OF ‪#‎FACEBOOK‬ #TUMBLR #TWITTER #BLOGSPOT #INSTAGRAM........
LOADS OF ‪#‎LOVE‬,‪#‎BLESSINGS‬ & MUUUUUAAAAHHH....
"I WISH ALL YOUR GOOD ‪#‎DEEDS‬ ARE FULFILLED BY ‪#‎ALMIGHTY‬".

Saturday, September 6, 2014

Causes of Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy...Help

http://www.southeastchiro.com/Portals/159843/images/pregnancy%20front%20belly.jpg

Is it possible to have periods during pregnancy...

 This may sound exceptional or surprising to you, but the answer is yes! When the body starts to produce human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) during pregnancy, there is no question of menstrual bleeding. The terrifying problem for some women is period or unexpected bleeding during pregnancy.
Menstrual bleeding can be simply defined as the blood loss which occurs at the end of an ovulatory cycle, as a result of an egg not being fertilized by a sperm. During this cycle, your body discharges hormones that send signals to your reproductive organs to execute certain actions. If your body is still constant to have regular menstrual periods even in your pregnancy then it would be shedding the uterine lining, which is useful to nourish your baby every month.
Hence, the spotting or hemorrhage is experienced by 25-30 % of women during their pregnancy is nothing but vaginal bleeding. Implantation bleeding takes place during the first trimester, this happens because the embryo implants itself on the wall of the uterus or womb. Spotting or implantation bleeding is normal and a good sign to show that you are pregnant. However, if you have normal periods during pregnancy with lower abdominal pain it is a cause of concern.
Bleeding is particularly common in the first trimester. Although fewer women hemorrhage during the second and third trimesters, spotting can still occur. Even though this bleeding may look like menstruation but that’s not true.

Causes of Vaginal Bleeding or Periods During Pregnancy:

http://onlinepharmacymedications.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Spotting-between-periods1.jpg

Vaginal bleeding or spotting happens during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. This is a sign of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. However, all pregnant women won’t face miscarriage because they had vaginal bleeding in the first few weeks of pregnancy.
Light bleeding during the first half of pregnancy is unlikely to harm your baby. The causes of light bleeding can be due to:
  • Breakthrough bleeding: This type of bleeding occurs when the female reproductive hormones like estrogen and progesterone covers the normal menstrual cycle. Breakthrough bleeding happens for a while and you will experience it more than once.
  • Implantation bleeding:This bleeding is common and it happens when the fertilized egg implants in the uterus or womb.
  • Vaginal or cervical infection:The area around the cervix becomes soft and injury can be caused by chafing or erosion during sex. The bleeding can be caused due to infection or a harmless growth of polyp.
Your doctor will advise you to visit an early pregnancy assessment unit (EPAU) in the hospital to find out the root cause behind the abnormal bleeding. The staff at EPAU will take a blood test to check the levels of pregnancy hormones. They will also do a physical examination to check whether the cervix is closed. The doctor will do an ultrasound scan and check the baby’s heartbeat via ultrasound.
Doctors treat early pregnancy bleeding as threatened miscarriage, but this doesn’t mean that you will miscarry. If you experience heavy bleeding, clots and period like cramps then it is a sure sign of miscarriage. Most women who suffer from bleeding during early pregnancy have complications during the later stages of pregnancy, but this is not applicable for all pregnant women who have bleeding during early pregnancy, but they go on to have healthy babies.
Should you inform your doctor about spotting? The answer is definitely yes. Though spotting is normal during early pregnancy, it is a good idea to visit your doctor. He will do an ultrasound scan to check whether your pregnancy is normal. Sometimes, spotting can be a sign of ectopic pregnancy, so it is better to do a thorough check. Since, untreated ectopic pregnancy can be life threatening for both mother and the baby.
It is most common to observe periods or spotting during first month of pregnancy. Here, are the most common reasons for first-trimester spotting or bleeding. If you are experiencing bleeding, please visit your gynecologist- he can help you with the best way to cure the problem.
Here we have prepared 22 causes of vaginal bleeding experienced during pregnancy for your help:

1. Decidual Bleeding:

This is one of the most common forms of period-like bleeding during pregnancy and is known as decidual bleeding. Occasionally, during pregnancy your body’s hormones can get out of their ‘normalcy’, causing you to misplace parts of the lining of your uterus. This is exclusively common in the initial stages of pregnancy, while the lining is totally closed to the placenta. But, it has been observed that normally it is not harmful to you or your baby as it is treatable.

2. Hormonal Changes:

You may experience slight bleeding throughout the entire pregnancy period just like a normal period; however, this is not a normal period. The bleeding that you are experiencing may be due to hormonal changes that take place when your body is getting used to the pregnancy.

3. Implantation Bleeding:

This bleeding occurs while the fertilized egg attaches itself to the wall of the uterus. This bleeding is very slight and only remains for about 5-10 days after conception. This type of pregnancy bleeding occurs 2-5 days after the conception and it is due to this timing that implantation bleeding can sometimes be confused with a menstrual period.

4. Increased Cervical Sensitivity:

Blood flow to the cervix rises due to the hormonal changes during pregnancy and this can lead to short-lived spotting after intercourse or after pap smears and vaginal examinations.

5. Ectopic Pregnancy:

Bleeding is also an indication of some pregnancy complications like ectopic pregnancy or a life threatening miscarriage. This may occur after a pap smear or a vaginal exam and usually happens due to an increase in the amount of blood which directly goes to the cervix.

6. Infections:

 http://tapgenes.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/How-to-prevent-infections-during-pregnancy.jpg

An infection in the vagina or cervix may lead to bleeding or spotting. These are specifically essential to be diagnosed during pregnancy, because they may boost your risk of second-trimester preterm birth or miscarriages.
The infections can happen due to sexually transmitted disease like chlamydia, gonorrhea and herpes and can cause vaginal bleeding during the first trimester. Consult your doctor immediately if you have any of these infections and take the prescribed medications to resolve it.

7. Threatened Miscarriage:

When you have experience menstrual bleeding and your cervix is still closed, there are no chances of miscarriage or fall in the HCG level. Therefore, the threatening miscarriage is a nonspecific term. A threatened miscarriage can eventually go on to be a practical pregnancy or may end in miscarriage.

8. Vanishing Twin:

Due to period during pregnancy, you may experience vanishing twin syndrome, which is basically said to occur when in a twin pregnancy, one of the two babies is miscarried whereas the other remains viable.

9. Miscarriage:

 http://i2.wp.com/mamamia-cdn.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/photos-of-a-miscarriage-7.jpg

If a pregnancy ends before the 24th week it is commonly termed miscarriage. Miscarriages are quite common in the first three months of pregnancy and most pregnancies get terminated by spontaneous abortions which happen naturally.
Some miscarriages during early pregnancy can occur before 14 weeks. This shows that there is something wrong with the baby. The other cause of miscarriage can be hormone and other blood clotting problem. The miscarriages that take place in the first twelve weeks or three months of pregnancy can’t be prevented.
So how will you understand whether you are having a miscarriage? If the light spotting that you normally have during the first few weeks of pregnancy become bright red and is accompanied by brownish discharge you should immediately contact your doctor. Generally, during miscarriage the bleeding occurs for several days and it is different from the light pinkish discharge that you usually have during the first trimester.
Miscarriage is a quick explanation for early pregnancy bleeding, but it is not always right. The bleeding may be initiated by a miscarriage or some other condition. It is best to consult your doctor and be sure.

10. Sub Chorionic Hematoma:

The bleeding occurring in placenta is known as sub chorionic hematoma. Sub chorionic hematoma or sub chorionic hemorrhage. This is a common sonographic abnormality in the live embryo. The sonographic visualization of sub chorionic hematoma is important in a symptomatic woman. This is because a pregnant woman with a sub chorionic hematoma has a prognosis worse than a woman without the hematoma. However, small asymptomatic sub chorionic hematomas don’t affect the prognosis. However, most cases of sub chorionic hematomas ends in miscarriage, stillbirths, pre-term labour and abruption of placenta.
If the sonogram results show a sub chorionic hematoma then the outcome of the pregnancy depends on the size of the hematoma, the mother’s age and the fetus’ gestational age. The rate of miscarriage increases with the increasing age of the mother and the size of the hematoma. The late first and second trimester bleeding also worsens the prognosis.
Sometimes, sub chorionic hematoma occurs between the uterine wall and chorionic membrane and may leak through the cervical canal. Later during the first and second trimester may strip the developing placenta partially from the attachment site. Prognosis of the patient with this type of a hematoma is worse than the prognosis of the patients with hematoma early in the first trimester.
The subchorionic hematoma disappears gradually if it is small or moderate in size. However, large hematomas that strip nearly 30-40% of placenta from the endometrium may enlarge further. This kind of hematoma exerts pressure on the gestational sac and this leads to the premature rupture of membranes. This causes spontaneous abortion.

11. Premature Labor:

If your body initiates to get ready to deliver too early then you may enter a stage commonly known as pre-term labor. It occurs usually after 20th week or more than the 3 week before your due date.

12. Placenta Praevia:

Placenta Praevia or low lying placenta can put the fetus in risk. This mainly occurs during the third trimester. The complication starts when the placenta descends in lower part of the uterus that protects the cervical canal. The lowering of placenta blocks the mouth of the cervix. This condition triggers heavy bleeding and needs emergency treatment. Generally, caesarian is recommended by the doctor to save both the mother and the fetus.

13. Vasa Praevia:

Vasa Praevia is a rare condition and it happens when the baby’s blood vessels run through the membranes that cover the cervix. In normal circumstances, the blood vessels are protected by the umbilical cord and placenta. When the waters break, the blood vessels can tear and this cause vaginal bleeding. The baby can lose huge amounts of blood due to this condition and it is life threatening.
It is difficult to diagnose vasa praevia but it can be detected in the early stages by an ultrasound scan. Vasa praevia can also be detected if there is heavy bleeding and change in the heartbeat of the fetus after the blood vessels have ruptured.
This is really an uncommon condition in which the blood vessels of the developing baby in the umbilical cord or placenta crosses the birth canal. It’s hazardous and causes the baby to bleed and lose oxygen.

14. Molar Pregnancy:

Molar pregnancy is also called gestational trophoblastic disease. This is a very rare condition and it happens when abnormal tissue builds up inside the uterus instead of the baby. This tissue can spread to other parts of the body and it is cancerous. The symptoms of molar pregnancy are severe nausea and vomiting and rapid enlargement of the uterus.

15. Placental Abruption:

This is a very serious condition and it happens when the placenta comes off from the womb wall. Placental abruption cause stomach pain and it may occur even if there is no bleeding.

16. A ‘Show’:

This happens when a plug of mucus that was inside the cervix comes out. This signals that the cervix is ready for the labour to start. This mucus discharge or show can take place few days before the contractions start or during the actual labour.

17. Uterine Rupture:

This is a rare condition and happens if there is tearing in the scar caused during a previous caesarian surgery. This is life threatening and needs immediate attention.

18. Polyps:

Fibro epithelial polyps are benign lesions that occur in adult women and young girls. These polyps can be congenital slow growing lesions or lesions that develop due to chronic urothelial irritants like calculi or infections. Other benign lesions of the uterus include the endometriomas, fibromas, leiomyoma, neurofibromas, hemangiomas and lymphangiomas.
Fibro epithelial polyps can be normal hematomas, though sometimes you can see malignant forms of polyps. The common sign of polyps are renal obstruction and hematuria or presence of blood in urine.Fibro epithelial polyps can also block the uterine and pelvic junction.
The presence of polyps can be detected by intravenous urography or retrograde pyelography, especially if the affected area shows a radiolucent filling due to a defect originating from the proximal ureter. It becomes tough to detect the presence of a polyp if it happens to be extraordinarily long or if it protrudes into the bladder and is affected by calculus. If the patient is suffering from gross hematuria, a cystoscopy is usually done to check the presence of tumours especially with the presence of bladder mass.
If cystoscopy is diagnostic incase the polyp protruded the bladder then ureteroscopy is a more efficient way to detect fibro epithelial polyps. Diagnostic biopsies are not required, since the appearance and location of the lesions are pathognomonic. A complete excision and histologic evaluation can help to detect the areas of malignant transformation.
Can you prevent vaginal bleeding? How will you find out the root cause behind such bleeding? A vaginal or pelvic examination needs to be done by the doctor. An ultrasound scan can help detect the cause of bleeding and any abnormality in pregnancy. You have to undergo a series of blood tests. This blood test will help the doctor to detect the hormonal levels in the blood.The doctor can ask you about other symptoms like cramps, dizziness, nausea and pain. Answer all his questions accurately since this can help in the diagnosis though it is tough to find the real cause behind bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy.
You may have to stay under observation in a hospital. The duration of your hospital stay will depend on the cause of bleeding and how many months pregnant you are at that time. Being admitted in a hospital helps the staff to monitor the changes in your uterus and the health of the fetus. If there are any problems it is detected promptly and the treatment is provided accordingly.

19. Injury to Cervix and Vagina:

During pregnancy area around the cervix becomes delicate and raw. Sexual intercourse or an internal exam can cause bleeding from the cervix. It needs immediate medical attention to avoid the risk of any infections.Bleeding after a sexual intercourse can be termed as postcoital bleeding.

20. Uterine or Endometrial Cancer:

Any malignant growth of tissues in the uterus can cause cancer. The reasons for uterine cancer are not known. The abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the uterus causes this cancer and it can be diagnosed after menopause.
Women who have endometrial overgrowth or Hyperplasia, a family history of uterus cancer, who never had children, those who had menstrual cycle before 12 years and menopause after 50 are susceptible to uterine cancer. Even those who took tamoxifen radiation in their pelvis and has inherited a lynch syndrome (a type of colorectal cancer that comes through genes) can increase the risk of uterine cancer.
Common symptoms of uterine cancer are abnormal vaginal bleeding with discharge, pain during urination and sexual intercourse and severe pelvic pain. Uterine cancer can be detected by ultrasound, pelvic examination and biopsy. If the cancer is an advanced stage like stage IV then chest X ray, MRI, CT scans and biopsy are used to detect uterine cancer. Radiation, hormone and chemotherapy are generally used to treat uterine cancers. Treatment actually depends of the stage of cancer, if you are in the advanced stage of cancer and the damage done by the abnormal tissue is extensive then the kind of treatment will be very different compared to the treatment done if cancer is detected in the earlier stages.
Surgery is done to remove the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tube, adjacent lymph nodes and part of the vagina. Radiation or brachytherapy is done internally and externally to ameliorate the condition. In hormone therapy, the hormone progesterone is used on the cancer cells.
It is important to do a follow up if you are treated with uterine cancer or if you are undergoing treatment for uterine cancer.

21. Blighted Ovum:

Blighted ovum or embryonic failure can occur if there was any abnormality in the foetus. The ultrasound scan generally shows intrauterine pregnancy, this can either mean ectopic pregnancy or embryonic failure.

22. Intrauterine Fetal Demise:

You may have intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) that can trigger missed abortion. This happens when the developing fetus dies inside the uterus. This can happen any time during pregnancy. Generally threatened miscarriage happens in the early stages of pregnancy but as you progress to the second and third trimesters the chances of miscarriages generally become nil. This is a rare condition.

Check With Your Doctor:

 http://blogs.cfr.org/asia/files/2014/08/Asia-Rural_Health-20140814.jpg

 

If you’re unsure about the cause behind your unexpected menstrual bleeding, it is best to visit your doc and get yourself checked. Your doc may ask you some of these questions if you’ve been experiencing unexpected menstrual bleeding.
  • How far you are in pregnancy?
  • When did your bleeding begin?
  • Have you had vaginal bleeding during this or an earlier pregnancy?
  • Does the blood have an odor?
  • What is the color of the blood?
  • Do you have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea?
  • Do you have any extra stress?
  • Have you changed your physical activity?
  • Does it stop and start, or is it a steady flow?
  • How much blood has been expelled?
  • Do you feel weak or tired?
  • Have you fainted or felt dizzy?
  • Do you have a fever?
  • Have you been injured, such as in a fall?
  • Did you undergo stress lately?
  • When did you last have intercourse?
In most cases, your doc may suggest an ultra-scope and ultrasonography which is very important when it comes to understanding the reason behind unexpected menstrual or heavy bleeding during pregnancy.
Generally those who undergo miscarriage due to any of the above mentioned abnormalities are in a stage of shock and depression. It is important to listen to the person without correcting her if she uses the word ‘baby’. It is true that you can’t reduce her pain but make her feel less alone. You can show your support and genuine concern for her. Make her feel positive with your healing words. Don’t ever let her feel isolated and always keep contact with a person who has suffered miscarriage. Miscarriages can cause an emotional vacuum, but that is not the end of the world. You can become pregnant even after a miscarriage. A counseling session with the obstetrician or gynecologist is the best way to deal with pregnancy. All you need is a positive mindset and courage!
Most of the time, a little spotting doesn’t pose any health risk to you and your little one, though, bleeding can sometimes specify a difficulty with your pregnancy. If you are pregnant, it is essential for you to be conscious about your bleeding. If you experience any irregular bleeding or period during pregnancy, contact your health care provider immediately.
Hope by now your doubts regarding is periods possible during pregnancy has been cleared. 
http://cache4.asset-cache.net/xc/462413931.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=B53F616F4B95E553A90545FD8F1A0E8DE2002C29E27024E3D2D0793AEBD1B389

Thursday, September 4, 2014

NagiGS: Causes of Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy

NagiGS: Causes of Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy: Is it possible to have periods during pregnancy...  This may sound exceptional or surprising to you, but the answer is yes! When the ...

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Causes of Vaginal Bleeding During Pregnancy



Is it possible to have periods during pregnancy...

 This may sound exceptional or surprising to you, but the answer is yes! When the body starts to produce human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) during pregnancy, there is no question of menstrual bleeding. The terrifying problem for some women is period or unexpected bleeding during pregnancy.
Menstrual bleeding can be simply defined as the blood loss which occurs at the end of an ovulatory cycle, as a result of an egg not being fertilized by a sperm. During this cycle, your body discharges hormones that send signals to your reproductive organs to execute certain actions. If your body is still constant to have regular menstrual periods even in your pregnancy then it would be shedding the uterine lining, which is useful to nourish your baby every month.
Hence, the spotting or hemorrhage is experienced by 25-30 % of women during their pregnancy is nothing but vaginal bleeding. Implantation bleeding takes place during the first trimester, this happens because the embryo implants itself on the wall of the uterus or womb. Spotting or implantation bleeding is normal and a good sign to show that you are pregnant. However, if you have normal periods during pregnancy with lower abdominal pain it is a cause of concern.
Bleeding is particularly common in the first trimester. Although fewer women hemorrhage during the second and third trimesters, spotting can still occur. Even though this bleeding may look like menstruation but that’s not true.

Causes of Vaginal Bleeding or Periods During Pregnancy:

  Vaginal bleeding or spotting happens during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. This is a sign of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. However, all pregnant women won’t face miscarriage because they had vaginal bleeding in the first few weeks of pregnancy.

Light bleeding during the first half of pregnancy is unlikely to harm your baby. The causes of light bleeding can be due to:
  • Breakthrough bleeding: This type of bleeding occurs when the female reproductive hormones like estrogen and progesterone covers the normal menstrual cycle. Breakthrough bleeding happens for a while and you will experience it more than once.
  • Implantation bleeding:This bleeding is common and it happens when the fertilized egg implants in the uterus or womb.
  • Vaginal or cervical infection:The area around the cervix becomes soft and injury can be caused by chafing or erosion during sex. The bleeding can be caused due to infection or a harmless growth of polyp.
Your doctor will advise you to visit an early pregnancy assessment unit (EPAU) in the hospital to find out the root cause behind the abnormal bleeding. The staff at EPAU will take a blood test to check the levels of pregnancy hormones. They will also do a physical examination to check whether the cervix is closed. The doctor will do an ultrasound scan and check the baby’s heartbeat via ultrasound.
Doctors treat early pregnancy bleeding as threatened miscarriage, but this doesn’t mean that you will miscarry. If you experience heavy bleeding, clots and period like cramps then it is a sure sign of miscarriage. Most women who suffer from bleeding during early pregnancy have complications during the later stages of pregnancy, but this is not applicable for all pregnant women who have bleeding during early pregnancy, but they go on to have healthy babies.
Should you inform your doctor about spotting? The answer is definitely yes. Though spotting is normal during early pregnancy, it is a good idea to visit your doctor. He will do an ultrasound scan to check whether your pregnancy is normal. Sometimes, spotting can be a sign of ectopic pregnancy, so it is better to do a thorough check. Since, untreated ectopic pregnancy can be life threatening for both mother and the baby.
It is most common to observe periods or spotting during first month of pregnancy. Here, are the most common reasons for first-trimester spotting or bleeding. If you are experiencing bleeding, please visit your gynecologist- he can help you with the best way to cure the problem.
Here we have prepared 22 causes of vaginal bleeding experienced during pregnancy for your help:

1. Decidual Bleeding:

This is one of the most common forms of period-like bleeding during pregnancy and is known as decidual bleeding. Occasionally, during pregnancy your body’s hormones can get out of their ‘normalcy’, causing you to misplace parts of the lining of your uterus. This is exclusively common in the initial stages of pregnancy, while the lining is totally closed to the placenta. But, it has been observed that normally it is not harmful to you or your baby as it is treatable.

2. Hormonal Changes:

You may experience slight bleeding throughout the entire pregnancy period just like a normal period; however, this is not a normal period. The bleeding that you are experiencing may be due to hormonal changes that take place when your body is getting used to the pregnancy.

3. Implantation Bleeding:

This bleeding occurs while the fertilized egg attaches itself to the wall of the uterus. This bleeding is very slight and only remains for about 5-10 days after conception. This type of pregnancy bleeding occurs 2-5 days after the conception and it is due to this timing that implantation bleeding can sometimes be confused with a menstrual period.

4. Increased Cervical Sensitivity:

Blood flow to the cervix rises due to the hormonal changes during pregnancy and this can lead to short-lived spotting after intercourse or after pap smears and vaginal examinations.

5. Ectopic Pregnancy:

Bleeding is also an indication of some pregnancy complications like ectopic pregnancy or a life threatening miscarriage. This may occur after a pap smear or a vaginal exam and usually happens due to an increase in the amount of blood which directly goes to the cervix.

6. Infections:

 

gurindersinghnagi@blogspot.com
An infection in the vagina or cervix may lead to bleeding or spotting. These are specifically essential to be diagnosed during pregnancy, because they may boost your risk of second-trimester preterm birth or miscarriages.
The infections can happen due to sexually transmitted disease like chlamydia, gonorrhea and herpes and can cause vaginal bleeding during the first trimester. Consult your doctor immediately if you have any of these infections and take the prescribed medications to resolve it.

7. Threatened Miscarriage:

When you have experience menstrual bleeding and your cervix is still closed, there are no chances of miscarriage or fall in the HCG level. Therefore, the threatening miscarriage is a nonspecific term. A threatened miscarriage can eventually go on to be a practical pregnancy or may end in miscarriage.

8. Vanishing Twin:

Due to period during pregnancy, you may experience vanishing twin syndrome, which is basically said to occur when in a twin pregnancy, one of the two babies is miscarried whereas the other remains viable.

9. Miscarriage:

 http://i2.wp.com/mamamia-cdn.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/photos-of-a-miscarriage-7.jpg

If a pregnancy ends before the 24th week it is commonly termed miscarriage. Miscarriages are quite common in the first three months of pregnancy and most pregnancies get terminated by spontaneous abortions which happen naturally.
Some miscarriages during early pregnancy can occur before 14 weeks. This shows that there is something wrong with the baby. The other cause of miscarriage can be hormone and other blood clotting problem. The miscarriages that take place in the first twelve weeks or three months of pregnancy can’t be prevented.
So how will you understand whether you are having a miscarriage? If the light spotting that you normally have during the first few weeks of pregnancy become bright red and is accompanied by brownish discharge you should immediately contact your doctor. Generally, during miscarriage the bleeding occurs for several days and it is different from the light pinkish discharge that you usually have during the first trimester.
Miscarriage is a quick explanation for early pregnancy bleeding, but it is not always right. The bleeding may be initiated by a miscarriage or some other condition. It is best to consult your doctor and be sure.

10. Sub Chorionic Hematoma:

The bleeding occurring in placenta is known as sub chorionic hematoma. Sub chorionic hematoma or sub chorionic hemorrhage. This is a common sonographic abnormality in the live embryo. The sonographic visualization of sub chorionic hematoma is important in a symptomatic woman. This is because a pregnant woman with a sub chorionic hematoma has a prognosis worse than a woman without the hematoma. However, small asymptomatic sub chorionic hematomas don’t affect the prognosis. However, most cases of sub chorionic hematomas ends in miscarriage, stillbirths, pre-term labour and abruption of placenta.
If the sonogram results show a sub chorionic hematoma then the outcome of the pregnancy depends on the size of the hematoma, the mother’s age and the fetus’ gestational age. The rate of miscarriage increases with the increasing age of the mother and the size of the hematoma. The late first and second trimester bleeding also worsens the prognosis.
Sometimes, sub chorionic hematoma occurs between the uterine wall and chorionic membrane and may leak through the cervical canal. Later during the first and second trimester may strip the developing placenta partially from the attachment site. Prognosis of the patient with this type of a hematoma is worse than the prognosis of the patients with hematoma early in the first trimester.
The subchorionic hematoma disappears gradually if it is small or moderate in size. However, large hematomas that strip nearly 30-40% of placenta from the endometrium may enlarge further. This kind of hematoma exerts pressure on the gestational sac and this leads to the premature rupture of membranes. This causes spontaneous abortion.

11. Premature Labor:

If your body initiates to get ready to deliver too early then you may enter a stage commonly known as pre-term labor. It occurs usually after 20th week or more than the 3 week before your due date.

12. Placenta Praevia:

Placenta Praevia or low lying placenta can put the fetus in risk. This mainly occurs during the third trimester. The complication starts when the placenta descends in lower part of the uterus that protects the cervical canal. The lowering of placenta blocks the mouth of the cervix. This condition triggers heavy bleeding and needs emergency treatment. Generally, caesarian is recommended by the doctor to save both the mother and the fetus.

13. Vasa Praevia:

Vasa Praevia is a rare condition and it happens when the baby’s blood vessels run through the membranes that cover the cervix. In normal circumstances, the blood vessels are protected by the umbilical cord and placenta. When the waters break, the blood vessels can tear and this cause vaginal bleeding. The baby can lose huge amounts of blood due to this condition and it is life threatening.
It is difficult to diagnose vasa praevia but it can be detected in the early stages by an ultrasound scan. Vasa praevia can also be detected if there is heavy bleeding and change in the heartbeat of the fetus after the blood vessels have ruptured.
This is really an uncommon condition in which the blood vessels of the developing baby in the umbilical cord or placenta crosses the birth canal. It’s hazardous and causes the baby to bleed and lose oxygen.

14. Molar Pregnancy:

Molar pregnancy is also called gestational trophoblastic disease. This is a very rare condition and it happens when abnormal tissue builds up inside the uterus instead of the baby. This tissue can spread to other parts of the body and it is cancerous. The symptoms of molar pregnancy are severe nausea and vomiting and rapid enlargement of the uterus.

15. Placental Abruption:

This is a very serious condition and it happens when the placenta comes off from the womb wall. Placental abruption cause stomach pain and it may occur even if there is no bleeding.

16. A ‘Show’:

This happens when a plug of mucus that was inside the cervix comes out. This signals that the cervix is ready for the labour to start. This mucus discharge or show can take place few days before the contractions start or during the actual labour.

17. Uterine Rupture:

This is a rare condition and happens if there is tearing in the scar caused during a previous caesarian surgery. This is life threatening and needs immediate attention.

18. Polyps:

Fibro epithelial polyps are benign lesions that occur in adult women and young girls. These polyps can be congenital slow growing lesions or lesions that develop due to chronic urothelial irritants like calculi or infections. Other benign lesions of the uterus include the endometriomas, fibromas, leiomyoma, neurofibromas, hemangiomas and lymphangiomas.
Fibro epithelial polyps can be normal hematomas, though sometimes you can see malignant forms of polyps. The common sign of polyps are renal obstruction and hematuria or presence of blood in urine.Fibro epithelial polyps can also block the uterine and pelvic junction.
The presence of polyps can be detected by intravenous urography or retrograde pyelography, especially if the affected area shows a radiolucent filling due to a defect originating from the proximal ureter. It becomes tough to detect the presence of a polyp if it happens to be extraordinarily long or if it protrudes into the bladder and is affected by calculus. If the patient is suffering from gross hematuria, a cystoscopy is usually done to check the presence of tumours especially with the presence of bladder mass.
If cystoscopy is diagnostic incase the polyp protruded the bladder then ureteroscopy is a more efficient way to detect fibro epithelial polyps. Diagnostic biopsies are not required, since the appearance and location of the lesions are pathognomonic. A complete excision and histologic evaluation can help to detect the areas of malignant transformation.
Can you prevent vaginal bleeding? How will you find out the root cause behind such bleeding? A vaginal or pelvic examination needs to be done by the doctor. An ultrasound scan can help detect the cause of bleeding and any abnormality in pregnancy. You have to undergo a series of blood tests. This blood test will help the doctor to detect the hormonal levels in the blood.The doctor can ask you about other symptoms like cramps, dizziness, nausea and pain. Answer all his questions accurately since this can help in the diagnosis though it is tough to find the real cause behind bleeding from the vagina during pregnancy.
You may have to stay under observation in a hospital. The duration of your hospital stay will depend on the cause of bleeding and how many months pregnant you are at that time. Being admitted in a hospital helps the staff to monitor the changes in your uterus and the health of the fetus. If there are any problems it is detected promptly and the treatment is provided accordingly.

19. Injury to Cervix and Vagina:

During pregnancy area around the cervix becomes delicate and raw. Sexual intercourse or an internal exam can cause bleeding from the cervix. It needs immediate medical attention to avoid the risk of any infections.Bleeding after a sexual intercourse can be termed as postcoital bleeding.

20. Uterine or Endometrial Cancer:

Any malignant growth of tissues in the uterus can cause cancer. The reasons for uterine cancer are not known. The abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the uterus causes this cancer and it can be diagnosed after menopause.
Women who have endometrial overgrowth or Hyperplasia, a family history of uterus cancer, who never had children, those who had menstrual cycle before 12 years and menopause after 50 are susceptible to uterine cancer. Even those who took tamoxifen radiation in their pelvis and has inherited a lynch syndrome (a type of colorectal cancer that comes through genes) can increase the risk of uterine cancer.
Common symptoms of uterine cancer are abnormal vaginal bleeding with discharge, pain during urination and sexual intercourse and severe pelvic pain. Uterine cancer can be detected by ultrasound, pelvic examination and biopsy. If the cancer is an advanced stage like stage IV then chest X ray, MRI, CT scans and biopsy are used to detect uterine cancer. Radiation, hormone and chemotherapy are generally used to treat uterine cancers. Treatment actually depends of the stage of cancer, if you are in the advanced stage of cancer and the damage done by the abnormal tissue is extensive then the kind of treatment will be very different compared to the treatment done if cancer is detected in the earlier stages.
Surgery is done to remove the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tube, adjacent lymph nodes and part of the vagina. Radiation or brachytherapy is done internally and externally to ameliorate the condition. In hormone therapy, the hormone progesterone is used on the cancer cells.
It is important to do a follow up if you are treated with uterine cancer or if you are undergoing treatment for uterine cancer.

21. Blighted Ovum:

Blighted ovum or embryonic failure can occur if there was any abnormality in the foetus. The ultrasound scan generally shows intrauterine pregnancy, this can either mean ectopic pregnancy or embryonic failure.

22. Intrauterine Fetal Demise:

You may have intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) that can trigger missed abortion. This happens when the developing fetus dies inside the uterus. This can happen any time during pregnancy. Generally threatened miscarriage happens in the early stages of pregnancy but as you progress to the second and third trimesters the chances of miscarriages generally become nil. This is a rare condition.

Check With Your Doctor:

 gurindersinghnagi@blogspot.in

 

If you’re unsure about the cause behind your unexpected menstrual bleeding, it is best to visit your doc and get yourself checked. Your doc may ask you some of these questions if you’ve been experiencing unexpected menstrual bleeding.
  • How far you are in pregnancy?
  • When did your bleeding begin?
  • Have you had vaginal bleeding during this or an earlier pregnancy?
  • Does the blood have an odor?
  • What is the color of the blood?
  • Do you have nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea?
  • Do you have any extra stress?
  • Have you changed your physical activity?
  • Does it stop and start, or is it a steady flow?
  • How much blood has been expelled?
  • Do you feel weak or tired?
  • Have you fainted or felt dizzy?
  • Do you have a fever?
  • Have you been injured, such as in a fall?
  • Did you undergo stress lately?
  • When did you last have intercourse?
In most cases, your doc may suggest an ultra-scope and ultrasonography which is very important when it comes to understanding the reason behind unexpected menstrual or heavy bleeding during pregnancy.
Generally those who undergo miscarriage due to any of the above mentioned abnormalities are in a stage of shock and depression. It is important to listen to the person without correcting her if she uses the word ‘baby’. It is true that you can’t reduce her pain but make her feel less alone. You can show your support and genuine concern for her. Make her feel positive with your healing words. Don’t ever let her feel isolated and always keep contact with a person who has suffered miscarriage. Miscarriages can cause an emotional vacuum, but that is not the end of the world. You can become pregnant even after a miscarriage. A counseling session with the obstetrician or gynecologist is the best way to deal with pregnancy. All you need is a positive mindset and courage!
Most of the time, a little spotting doesn’t pose any health risk to you and your little one, though, bleeding can sometimes specify a difficulty with your pregnancy.

 If you are pregnant, it is essential for you to be conscious about your bleeding. If you experience any irregular bleeding or period during pregnancy, contact your health care provider immediately.
Hope by now your doubts regarding is periods possible during pregnancy has been cleared. 

Happy Motherhood to You......

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Shayari



People who forget their relation with the Earth are often not sheltered by the Haven……..
जो लोग भूल जाते है ज़मीन से अपना रिश्ता ,,
उन्हें आसमाँ भी पनाह नहीं देता।

45 WAYS TO STAY HEALTHY and STRONG........








EAT HEALTHY STAY STRONG.....

1. Copy your kitty: Learn to do stretching exercises when you wake up. It boosts circulation and digestion, and eases back pain.

2. Don’t skip breakfast. Studies show that eating a proper breakfast is one of the most positive things you can do if you are trying to lose weight. Breakfast skippers tend to gain weight. A balanced breakfast includes fresh fruit or fruit juice, a high-fibre breakfast cereal, low-fat milk or yoghurt, wholewheat toast, and a boiled egg.

3. Brush up on hygiene. Many people don't know how to brush their teeth properly. Improper brushing can cause as much damage to the teeth and gums as not brushing at all. Lots of people don’t brush for long enough, don’t floss and don’t see a dentist regularly. Hold your toothbrush in the same way that would hold a pencil, and brush for at least two minutes.

This includes brushing the teeth, the junction of the teeth and gums, the tongue and the roof of the mouth. And you don't need a fancy, angled toothbrush – just a sturdy, soft-bristled one that you replace each month.


4. Neurobics for your mind. Get your brain fizzing with energy. American researchers coined the term ‘neurobics’ for tasks which activate the brain's own biochemical pathways and to bring new pathways online that can help to strengthen or preserve brain circuits.

Brush your teeth with your ‘other’ hand, take a new route to work or choose your clothes based on sense of touch rather than sight. People with mental agility tend to have lower rates of Alzheimer's disease and age-related mental decline.


5. Get what you give! Always giving and never taking? This is the short road to compassion fatigue. Give to yourself and receive from others, otherwise you’ll get to a point where you have nothing left to give. 

6. Get spiritual. A study conducted by the formidably sober and scientific Harvard University found that patients who were prayed for recovered quicker than those who weren’t, even if they weren’t aware of the prayer.


7. Get smelly. Garlic, onions, spring onions and leeks all contain stuff that’s good for you. A study at the Child’s Health Institute in Cape Town found that eating raw garlic helped fight serious childhood infections. Heat destroys these properties, so eat yours raw, wash it down with fruit juice or, if you’re a sissy, have it in tablet form.

8. Knock one back. A glass of red wine a day is good for you. A number of studies have found this, but a recent one found that the polyphenols (a type of antioxidant) in green tea, red wine and olives may also help protect you against breast cancer. It’s thought that the antioxidants help protect you from environmental carcinogens such as passive tobacco smoke.

9. Bone up daily. Get your daily calcium by popping a tab, chugging milk or eating yoghurt. It’ll keep your bones strong. Remember that your bone density declines after the age of 30. You need at least 200 milligrams daily, which you should combine with magnesium, or it simply won’t be absorbed.



10. Berries for your belly. Blueberries, strawberries and raspberries contain plant nutrients known as anthocyanidins, which are powerful antioxidants. Blueberries rival grapes in concentrations of resveratrol – the antioxidant compound found in red wine that has assumed near mythological proportions. Resveratrol is believed to help protect against heart disease and cancer.

11. Curry favour. Hot, spicy foods containing chillies or cayenne pepper trigger endorphins, the feel-good hormones. Endorphins have a powerful, almost narcotic, effect and make you feel good after exercising. But go easy on the lamb, pork and mutton and the high-fat, creamy dishes served in many Indian restaurants.

12. Cut out herbs before ops. Some herbal supplements – from the popular St John's Wort and ginkgo biloba to garlic, ginger, ginseng and feverfew – can cause increased bleeding during surgery, warn surgeons. It may be wise to stop taking all medication, including herbal supplements, at least two weeks before surgery, and inform your surgeon about your herbal use.

13. I say tomato. Tomato is a superstar in the fruit and veggie pantheon. Tomatoes contain lycopene, a powerful cancer fighter. They’re also rich in vitamin C. The good news is that cooked tomatoes are also nutritious, so use them in pasta, soups and casseroles, as well as in salads.

The British Thoracic Society says that tomatoes and apples can reduce your risk of asthma and chronic lung diseases. Both contain the antioxidant quercetin. To enjoy the benefits, eat five apples a week or a tomato every other day.


14. Eat your stress away. Prevent low blood sugar as it stresses you out. Eat regular and small healthy meals and keep fruit and veggies handy. Herbal teas will also soothe your frazzled nerves.

Eating unrefined carbohydrates, nuts and bananas boosts the formation of serotonin, another feel-good drug. Small amounts of protein containing the amino acid tryptamine can give you a boost when stress tires you out.


15. Load up on vitamin C.We need at least 90 mg of vitamin C per day and the best way to get this is by eating at least five servings of fresh fruit and vegetables every day. So hit the oranges and guavas!

16. No folly in folic acid. Folic acid should be taken regularly by all pregnant mums and people with a low immunity to disease. Folic acid prevents spina bifida in unborn babies and can play a role in cancer prevention. It is found in green leafy vegetables, liver, fruit and bran.

17. A for Away. This vitamin, and beta carotene, help to boost immunity against disease. It also assists in the healing process of diseases such as measles and is recommended by the WHO. Good natural sources of vitamin A are kidneys, liver, dairy products, green and yellow vegetables, pawpaw, mangoes, chilli pepper, red sorrel and red palm oil.

18. Pure water. Don’t have soft drinks or energy drinks while you're exercising. Stay properly hydrated by drinking enough water during your workout (just don't overdo things, as drinking too much water can also be dangerous).

While you might need energy drinks for long-distance running, in shorter exercise sessions in the gym, your body will burn the glucose from the soft drink first, before starting to burn body fat. Same goes for eating sweets.




19. GI, Jane. Carbohydrates with a high glycaemic index, such as bread, sugar, honey and grain-based food will give instant energy and accelerate your metabolism. If you’re trying to burn fat, stick to beans, rice, pasta, lentils, peas, soya beans and oat bran, all of which have a low GI count.

20. Mindful living. You've probably heard the old adage that life's too short to stuff a mushroom. But perhaps you should consider the opposite: that life's simply too short NOT to focus on the simple tasks. By slowing down and concentrating on basic things, you'll clear your mind of everything that worries you.

Really
concentrate on sensations and experiences again: observe the rough texture of a strawberry's skin as you touch it, and taste the sweet-sour juice as you bite into the fruit; when your partner strokes your hand, pay careful attention to the sensation on your skin; and learn to really focus on simple tasks while doing them, whether it's flowering plants or ironing your clothes.


21. The secret of stretching. When you stretch, ease your body into position until you feel the stretch and hold it for about 25 seconds. Breathe deeply to help your body move oxygen-rich blood to those sore muscles. Don't bounce or force yourself into an uncomfortable position.




22. Do your weights workout first. Experts say weight training should be done first, because it's a higher intensity exercise compared to cardio. Your body is better able to handle weight training early in the workout because you're fresh and you have the energy you need to work it.

Conversely, cardiovascular exercise should be the last thing you do at the gym, because it helps your body recover by increasing blood flow to the muscles, and flushing out lactic acid, which builds up in the muscles while you're weight training. It’s the lactic acid that makes your muscles feel stiff and sore.


23. Burn fat during intervals. To improve your fitness quickly and lose weight, harness the joys of interval training. Set the treadmill or step machine on the interval programme, where your speed and workload varies from minute to minute. Build up gradually, every minute and return to the starting speed. Repeat this routine. Not only will it be less monotonous, but you can train for a shorter time and achieve greater results.

24. Your dirtiest foot forward. If your ankles, knees, and hips ache from running on pavement, head for the dirt. Soft trails or graded roads are a lot easier on your joints than the hard stuff. Also, dirt surfaces tend to be uneven, forcing you to slow down a bit and focus on where to put your feet – great for agility and concentration.

25. Burn the boredom, blast the lard. Rev up your metabolism by alternating your speed and intensity during aerobic workouts. Not only should you alternate your routine to prevent burnout or boredom, but to give your body a jolt.

If you normally walk at 6.5km/h on the treadmill or take 15 minutes to walk a km, up the pace by going at 8km/h for a minute or so during your workout. Do this every five minutes or so. Each time you work out, increase your bouts of speed in small increments.


26. Cool off without a beer. Don’t eat carbohydrates for at least an hour after exercise. This will force your body to break down body fat, rather than using the food you ingest. Stick to fruit and fluids during that hour, but avoid beer.

27. ‘Okay, now do 100 of those’. Instead of flailing away at gym, enlist the help – even temporarily – of a personal trainer. Make sure you learn to breathe properly and to do the exercises the right way. You’ll get more of a workout while spending less time at the gym.

28. Stop fuming. Don’t smoke and if you smoke already, do everything in your power to quit. Don’t buy into that my-granny-smoked-and-lived-to-be-90 crud – not even the tobacco giants believe it. Apart from the well-known risks of heart disease and cancer, orthopaedic surgeons have found that smoking accelerates bone density loss and constricts blood flow. So you could live to be a 90-year-old amputee who smells of stale tobacco smoke. Unsexy.

29. Ask about Mad Aunt Edith. Find out your family history. You need to know if there are any inherited diseases prowling your gene pool. According to the Mayo Clinic, USA, finding out what your grandparents died of can provide useful – even lifesaving – information about what’s in store for you. And be candid, not coy: 25% of the children of alcoholics become alcoholics themselves.

30. Do self-checks. Do regular self-examinations of your breasts. Most partners are more than happy to help, not just because breast cancer is the most common cancer among SA women. The best time to examine your breasts is in the week after your period.

31. My smear campaign. Have a pap smear once a year. Not on our list of favourite things, but it’s vital. Cervical cancer kills 200 000 women a year and it’s the most prevalent form of cancer among black women, affecting more than 30 percent.

But the chances of survival are nearly 100 percent if it’s detected early. Be particularly careful if you became sexually active at an early age, have had multiple sex partners or smoke.


32. Understand hormones. Recent research suggests that short-term (less than five years) use of HRT is not associated with an increase in the risk of breast cancer, but that using it for more than ten years might be. Breast cancer is detected earlier in women using HRT, as they are more alert to the disease than other women.

32. Beat the sneezes. There are more than 240 allergens, some rare and others very common. If you’re a sneezer due to pollen: close your car’s windows while driving, rather switch on the internal fan (drawing in air from the outside), and avoid being outdoors between 5am and 10 am when pollen counts are at their highest; stick to holidays in areas with low pollen counts, such as the seaside and stay away from freshly cut grass.

33. Doggone. If you’re allergic to your cat, dog, budgie or pet piglet, stop suffering the ravages of animal dander: Install an air filter in your home. 
Keep your pet outside as much as possible and brush him outside of the home to remove loose hair and other allergens. Better yet, ask someone else to do so.

34. Asthma-friendly sports. Swimming is the most asthma-friendly sport of all, but cycling, canoeing, fishing, sailing and walking are also good, according to the experts. 
Asthma need not hinder peak performance in sport. 1% of the US Olympic team were asthmatics – and between them they won 41 medals.

35. Deep heat. Sun rays can burn even through thick glass, and under water. Up to 35% of UVB rays and 85% of UVA rays penetrate thick glass, while 50% of UVB rays and 75% of UVA rays penetrate a meter of water and wet cotton clothing.
Which means you’ll need sunscreen while driving your car on holiday, and water resistant block if you’re swimming.

36. Fragrant Ageing. Stay away from perfumed or flavoured suntan lotions which smell of coconut oil or orange if you want your skin to stay young. These lotions contain psoralen, which speeds up the ageing process. Rather use a fake-tan lotion. Avoid sun beds, which are as bad as the sun itself.

37. Sunscreen can be a smokescreen. Sunscreen is unlikely to stop you from being sunburned, or to reduce your risk of developing skin cancer. That’s because most people don’t apply it properly, and stay in the sun too long.

The solution? Slather on sunscreen daily and reapply it often, especially if you’ve been in the water. How much? At least enough to fill a shot glass.


38. Laugh and cry. Having a good sob is reputed to be good for you. So is laughter, which has been shown to help heal bodies, as well as broken hearts. Studies in Japan indicate that laughter boosts the immune system and helps the body shake off allergic reactions.

39. It ain’t over till it’s over. End relationships that no longer work for you, as you could be spending time in a dead end. Rather head for more meaningful things. You could be missing opportunities while you’re stuck in a meaningless rut, trying to breathe life into something that is long gone.

40. Strong people go for help. Ask for assistance. Gnashing your teeth in the dark will not get you extra brownie points. It is a sign of strength to ask for assistance and people will respect you for it. If there is a relationship problem, the one who refuses to go for help is usually the one with whom the problem lies to begin with.

41. Save steamy scenes for the bedroom. Showering or bathing in water that’s too hot will dry out your skin and cause it to age prematurely. Warm water is much better.
Apply moisturiser while your skin is still damp – it’ll be absorbed more easily. Adding a little olive oil to your bath with help keep your skin moisturised too.

42. Here’s the rub. Improve your circulation and help your lymph glands to drain by the way you towel off. Helping your lymph glands function can help prevent them becoming infected.

When drying off your limbs and torso, brush towards the groin on your legs and towards the armpits on your upper body. You can do the same during gentle massage with your partner.


43. Sugar-coated. More than three million South Africans suffer from type 2 diabetes, and the incidence is increasing – with new patients getting younger. New studies show this type of diabetes is often part of a metabolic syndrome (X Syndrome), which includes high blood pressure and other risk factors for heart disease.

More than 80% of type 2 diabetics die of heart disease, so make sure you control your glucose levels, and watch your blood pressure and cholesterol counts.


44. Relax, it’s only sex. Stress and sex make bad bedfellows, it seems. A US survey showed that stress, kids and work are main factors to dampen libido. With the advent of technology that allows us to work from home, the lines between our jobs and our personal lives have become blurred.

People work longer hours, commutes are longer and work pervades all aspects of our lives, including our sexual relationships. Put nooky and intimacy on the agenda, just like everything else.



45. Good night, sweetheart. Rest heals the body and has been shown to lessen the risk of heart trouble and psychological problems.

.

Thursday, August 21, 2014

5 Home remedies for mouth ulcers



Mouth ulcers can be quite painful and depending on their specific location in the oral cavity, often interfere with your ability to eat and speak. Often, these ulcers put in an appearance at times of extreme stress and the discomfort they cause only adds to your misery. Sometimes, such an ulcer indicates the deficiency of certain vital nutrients and therefore, taking multivitamin supplements can be useful; however, it can take a few days for the effects to start showing. In such situations, it is possible to find relief faster by using a few of these home remedies.


Remedies to Reduce Pain

If the mouth ulcer is causing a lot of pain, gently rub a small ice cube over the spot or rinse your mouth with ice-cold water. This won’t make the ulcer disappear, but it can help reduce the pain. Similarly, you could also chew on a clove bud (lavang) and direct the juice so generated to the area where the ulcer is located. The mild anesthetic effect of the clove will reduce the pain you feel. To prevent the ulcerated area from getting infected, make it a point to rinse your mouth with a little salt water.

Ocimum tenuiflorum (Tulsi)

The leaves of the tulsi plant have amazing medicinal properties and one of the important actions of tulsi is as an adaptogen – a substance that aids the body to adapt to stress. Chew a few leaves of tulsi along with some water about three to four times every day. This will help the ulcers go away faster and also have a preventive action against their recurrence. (Read: Top 10 health benefits of tulsi)

Honey

Honey is a natural humectant – that is, it helps to retain moisture and prevent dehydration. It also helps reduce scarring and hastens the process of new tissue growth. This, along with its anti-microbial effect ensures faster healing of the mouth ulcer. You can either dab a little honey onto the mouth ulcer or mix in a little turmeric to make a paste that can be applied to the affected area. 

Poppy Seeds

Poppy seeds – khus-khus in Hindi – are said to have a cooling effect on the body. According to Ayurveda, too much heat in the body manifests as mouth ulcers and therefore, poppy seeds are a good remedy to overcome this problem. Read how can you actually use poppy seeds to treat your ulcers.

Coconut

Dry coconut, coconut oil and coconut water are the three products of the coconut tree that are very useful in treating mouth ulcers. Drinking tender coconut water helps to cool the body down. Applying a little coconut oil directly onto the mouth ulcer or chewing some coconut (fresh or dry) helps to reduce pain and inflammation and this helps the ulcers heal faster. (Read: The coconut controversy – is it really all bad?)

Licorice

Called Mulethi in Hindi, Yashtimadhu in Sanskrit and Adhimadhuram in Tamil, licorice has several medicinal properties. Scientific studies have found that it contains ingredients with marked anti-inflammatory properties which are responsible for its action against painful mouth ulcers. Mulethi is available as stem pieces as well as in powder form. Rub the stem with a little water on a grinding stone and apply the paste to the ulcerated area. Or, if you buy the licorice powder, disperse it in some honey or medicinal quality glycerin and apply to the mouth ulcer. You can also mix a little licorice powder with turmeric into a glass of warm milk and drink three or four times in a day for good results.

Other Cooling Agents

In keeping with the logic that mouth ulcers are due to excess body heat, other substances with cooling properties can help get rid of them. For example, you could apply a little ghee directly to the ulcerated area, or drink a glass of butter milk two or three times everyday. Castor oil also has wonderful cooling property; apply a little oil to your scalp and the soles of the feet, allow the oil to soak in for a few hours and then wash with warm water using shikakai and reetha paste. Read additional benefits of castor oil for healthy hair.
 

Mouth ulcers left untreated generally go away in a week or so; with these home remedies, you can expect faster relief. However, if you notice an ulcer in the mouth that is persistently present although it does not cause you any pain, do not neglect it or try to treat it with home remedies beyond a few days. Make it a point to see a doctor soon because often, a painless mouth ulcer is one of the earliest signs of oral cancer.

Saturday, August 16, 2014

My best Tweets... Twitter.com/NagiGS


Wednesday, August 13, 2014

INDEPENDENCE DAY


HAPPY #INDEPENDENCE DAY TO ALL MY FELLOW 
INDIANS
LONG LIVE #INDIA,
LONG LIVE INDIAN ARMED #FORCES,
LONG LIVE INDIAN #FARMERS,
LONG LIVE INDIAN #RIVERS, 
LONG LIVE INDIAN #PEOPLE.................JAI HIND

Monday, August 4, 2014

45 WAYS TO STAY HEALTHY........







EAT HEALTHY STAY STRONG.....

1. Copy your kitty: Learn to do stretching exercises when you wake up. It boosts circulation and digestion, and eases back pain.

2. Don’t skip breakfast. Studies show that eating a proper breakfast is one of the most positive things you can do if you are trying to lose weight. Breakfast skippers tend to gain weight. A balanced breakfast includes fresh fruit or fruit juice, a high-fibre breakfast cereal, low-fat milk or yoghurt, wholewheat toast, and a boiled egg.

3. Brush up on hygiene. Many people don't know how to brush their teeth properly. Improper brushing can cause as much damage to the teeth and gums as not brushing at all. Lots of people don’t brush for long enough, don’t floss and don’t see a dentist regularly. Hold your toothbrush in the same way that would hold a pencil, and brush for at least two minutes.

This includes brushing the teeth, the junction of the teeth and gums, the tongue and the roof of the mouth. And you don't need a fancy, angled toothbrush – just a sturdy, soft-bristled one that you replace each month.


4. Neurobics for your mind. Get your brain fizzing with energy. American researchers coined the term ‘neurobics’ for tasks which activate the brain's own biochemical pathways and to bring new pathways online that can help to strengthen or preserve brain circuits.

Brush your teeth with your ‘other’ hand, take a new route to work or choose your clothes based on sense of touch rather than sight. People with mental agility tend to have lower rates of Alzheimer's disease and age-related mental decline.


5. Get what you give! Always giving and never taking? This is the short road to compassion fatigue. Give to yourself and receive from others, otherwise you’ll get to a point where you have nothing left to give. 

6. Get spiritual. A study conducted by the formidably sober and scientific Harvard University found that patients who were prayed for recovered quicker than those who weren’t, even if they weren’t aware of the prayer.


7. Get smelly. Garlic, onions, spring onions and leeks all contain stuff that’s good for you. A study at the Child’s Health Institute in Cape Town found that eating raw garlic helped fight serious childhood infections. Heat destroys these properties, so eat yours raw, wash it down with fruit juice or, if you’re a sissy, have it in tablet form.

8. Knock one back. A glass of red wine a day is good for you. A number of studies have found this, but a recent one found that the polyphenols (a type of antioxidant) in green tea, red wine and olives may also help protect you against breast cancer. It’s thought that the antioxidants help protect you from environmental carcinogens such as passive tobacco smoke.

9. Bone up daily. Get your daily calcium by popping a tab, chugging milk or eating yoghurt. It’ll keep your bones strong. Remember that your bone density declines after the age of 30. You need at least 200 milligrams daily, which you should combine with magnesium, or it simply won’t be absorbed.



10. Berries for your belly. Blueberries, strawberries and raspberries contain plant nutrients known as anthocyanidins, which are powerful antioxidants. Blueberries rival grapes in concentrations of resveratrol – the antioxidant compound found in red wine that has assumed near mythological proportions. Resveratrol is believed to help protect against heart disease and cancer.

11. Curry favour. Hot, spicy foods containing chillies or cayenne pepper trigger endorphins, the feel-good hormones. Endorphins have a powerful, almost narcotic, effect and make you feel good after exercising. But go easy on the lamb, pork and mutton and the high-fat, creamy dishes served in many Indian restaurants.

12. Cut out herbs before ops. Some herbal supplements – from the popular St John's Wort and ginkgo biloba to garlic, ginger, ginseng and feverfew – can cause increased bleeding during surgery, warn surgeons. It may be wise to stop taking all medication, including herbal supplements, at least two weeks before surgery, and inform your surgeon about your herbal use.

13. I say tomato. Tomato is a superstar in the fruit and veggie pantheon. Tomatoes contain lycopene, a powerful cancer fighter. They’re also rich in vitamin C. The good news is that cooked tomatoes are also nutritious, so use them in pasta, soups and casseroles, as well as in salads.

The British Thoracic Society says that tomatoes and apples can reduce your risk of asthma and chronic lung diseases. Both contain the antioxidant quercetin. To enjoy the benefits, eat five apples a week or a tomato every other day.


14. Eat your stress away. Prevent low blood sugar as it stresses you out. Eat regular and small healthy meals and keep fruit and veggies handy. Herbal teas will also soothe your frazzled nerves.

Eating unrefined carbohydrates, nuts and bananas boosts the formation of serotonin, another feel-good drug. Small amounts of protein containing the amino acid tryptamine can give you a boost when stress tires you out.


15. Load up on vitamin C.We need at least 90 mg of vitamin C per day and the best way to get this is by eating at least five servings of fresh fruit and vegetables every day. So hit the oranges and guavas!

16. No folly in folic acid. Folic acid should be taken regularly by all pregnant mums and people with a low immunity to disease. Folic acid prevents spina bifida in unborn babies and can play a role in cancer prevention. It is found in green leafy vegetables, liver, fruit and bran.

17. A for Away. This vitamin, and beta carotene, help to boost immunity against disease. It also assists in the healing process of diseases such as measles and is recommended by the WHO. Good natural sources of vitamin A are kidneys, liver, dairy products, green and yellow vegetables, pawpaw, mangoes, chilli pepper, red sorrel and red palm oil.

18. Pure water. Don’t have soft drinks or energy drinks while you're exercising. Stay properly hydrated by drinking enough water during your workout (just don't overdo things, as drinking too much water can also be dangerous).

While you might need energy drinks for long-distance running, in shorter exercise sessions in the gym, your body will burn the glucose from the soft drink first, before starting to burn body fat. Same goes for eating sweets.




19. GI, Jane. Carbohydrates with a high glycaemic index, such as bread, sugar, honey and grain-based food will give instant energy and accelerate your metabolism. If you’re trying to burn fat, stick to beans, rice, pasta, lentils, peas, soya beans and oat bran, all of which have a low GI count.

20. Mindful living. You've probably heard the old adage that life's too short to stuff a mushroom. But perhaps you should consider the opposite: that life's simply too short NOT to focus on the simple tasks. By slowing down and concentrating on basic things, you'll clear your mind of everything that worries you.

Really
concentrate on sensations and experiences again: observe the rough texture of a strawberry's skin as you touch it, and taste the sweet-sour juice as you bite into the fruit; when your partner strokes your hand, pay careful attention to the sensation on your skin; and learn to really focus on simple tasks while doing them, whether it's flowering plants or ironing your clothes.


21. The secret of stretching. When you stretch, ease your body into position until you feel the stretch and hold it for about 25 seconds. Breathe deeply to help your body move oxygen-rich blood to those sore muscles. Don't bounce or force yourself into an uncomfortable position.




22. Do your weights workout first. Experts say weight training should be done first, because it's a higher intensity exercise compared to cardio. Your body is better able to handle weight training early in the workout because you're fresh and you have the energy you need to work it.

Conversely, cardiovascular exercise should be the last thing you do at the gym, because it helps your body recover by increasing blood flow to the muscles, and flushing out lactic acid, which builds up in the muscles while you're weight training. It’s the lactic acid that makes your muscles feel stiff and sore.


23. Burn fat during intervals. To improve your fitness quickly and lose weight, harness the joys of interval training. Set the treadmill or step machine on the interval programme, where your speed and workload varies from minute to minute. Build up gradually, every minute and return to the starting speed. Repeat this routine. Not only will it be less monotonous, but you can train for a shorter time and achieve greater results.

24. Your dirtiest foot forward. If your ankles, knees, and hips ache from running on pavement, head for the dirt. Soft trails or graded roads are a lot easier on your joints than the hard stuff. Also, dirt surfaces tend to be uneven, forcing you to slow down a bit and focus on where to put your feet – great for agility and concentration.

25. Burn the boredom, blast the lard. Rev up your metabolism by alternating your speed and intensity during aerobic workouts. Not only should you alternate your routine to prevent burnout or boredom, but to give your body a jolt.

If you normally walk at 6.5km/h on the treadmill or take 15 minutes to walk a km, up the pace by going at 8km/h for a minute or so during your workout. Do this every five minutes or so. Each time you work out, increase your bouts of speed in small increments.


26. Cool off without a beer. Don’t eat carbohydrates for at least an hour after exercise. This will force your body to break down body fat, rather than using the food you ingest. Stick to fruit and fluids during that hour, but avoid beer.

27. ‘Okay, now do 100 of those’. Instead of flailing away at gym, enlist the help – even temporarily – of a personal trainer. Make sure you learn to breathe properly and to do the exercises the right way. You’ll get more of a workout while spending less time at the gym.

28. Stop fuming. Don’t smoke and if you smoke already, do everything in your power to quit. Don’t buy into that my-granny-smoked-and-lived-to-be-90 crud – not even the tobacco giants believe it. Apart from the well-known risks of heart disease and cancer, orthopaedic surgeons have found that smoking accelerates bone density loss and constricts blood flow. So you could live to be a 90-year-old amputee who smells of stale tobacco smoke. Unsexy.

29. Ask about Mad Aunt Edith. Find out your family history. You need to know if there are any inherited diseases prowling your gene pool. According to the Mayo Clinic, USA, finding out what your grandparents died of can provide useful – even lifesaving – information about what’s in store for you. And be candid, not coy: 25% of the children of alcoholics become alcoholics themselves.

30. Do self-checks. Do regular self-examinations of your breasts. Most partners are more than happy to help, not just because breast cancer is the most common cancer among SA women. The best time to examine your breasts is in the week after your period.

31. My smear campaign. Have a pap smear once a year. Not on our list of favourite things, but it’s vital. Cervical cancer kills 200 000 women a year and it’s the most prevalent form of cancer among black women, affecting more than 30 percent.

But the chances of survival are nearly 100 percent if it’s detected early. Be particularly careful if you became sexually active at an early age, have had multiple sex partners or smoke.


32. Understand hormones. Recent research suggests that short-term (less than five years) use of HRT is not associated with an increase in the risk of breast cancer, but that using it for more than ten years might be. Breast cancer is detected earlier in women using HRT, as they are more alert to the disease than other women.

32. Beat the sneezes. There are more than 240 allergens, some rare and others very common. If you’re a sneezer due to pollen: close your car’s windows while driving, rather switch on the internal fan (drawing in air from the outside), and avoid being outdoors between 5am and 10 am when pollen counts are at their highest; stick to holidays in areas with low pollen counts, such as the seaside and stay away from freshly cut grass.

33. Doggone. If you’re allergic to your cat, dog, budgie or pet piglet, stop suffering the ravages of animal dander: Install an air filter in your home. 
Keep your pet outside as much as possible and brush him outside of the home to remove loose hair and other allergens. Better yet, ask someone else to do so.

34. Asthma-friendly sports. Swimming is the most asthma-friendly sport of all, but cycling, canoeing, fishing, sailing and walking are also good, according to the experts. 
Asthma need not hinder peak performance in sport. 1% of the US Olympic team were asthmatics – and between them they won 41 medals.

35. Deep heat. Sun rays can burn even through thick glass, and under water. Up to 35% of UVB rays and 85% of UVA rays penetrate thick glass, while 50% of UVB rays and 75% of UVA rays penetrate a meter of water and wet cotton clothing.
Which means you’ll need sunscreen while driving your car on holiday, and water resistant block if you’re swimming.

36. Fragrant Ageing. Stay away from perfumed or flavoured suntan lotions which smell of coconut oil or orange if you want your skin to stay young. These lotions contain psoralen, which speeds up the ageing process. Rather use a fake-tan lotion. Avoid sun beds, which are as bad as the sun itself.

37. Sunscreen can be a smokescreen. Sunscreen is unlikely to stop you from being sunburned, or to reduce your risk of developing skin cancer. That’s because most people don’t apply it properly, and stay in the sun too long.

The solution? Slather on sunscreen daily and reapply it often, especially if you’ve been in the water. How much? At least enough to fill a shot glass.


38. Laugh and cry. Having a good sob is reputed to be good for you. So is laughter, which has been shown to help heal bodies, as well as broken hearts. Studies in Japan indicate that laughter boosts the immune system and helps the body shake off allergic reactions.

39. It ain’t over till it’s over. End relationships that no longer work for you, as you could be spending time in a dead end. Rather head for more meaningful things. You could be missing opportunities while you’re stuck in a meaningless rut, trying to breathe life into something that is long gone.

40. Strong people go for help. Ask for assistance. Gnashing your teeth in the dark will not get you extra brownie points. It is a sign of strength to ask for assistance and people will respect you for it. If there is a relationship problem, the one who refuses to go for help is usually the one with whom the problem lies to begin with.

41. Save steamy scenes for the bedroom. Showering or bathing in water that’s too hot will dry out your skin and cause it to age prematurely. Warm water is much better.
Apply moisturiser while your skin is still damp – it’ll be absorbed more easily. Adding a little olive oil to your bath with help keep your skin moisturised too.

42. Here’s the rub. Improve your circulation and help your lymph glands to drain by the way you towel off. Helping your lymph glands function can help prevent them becoming infected.

When drying off your limbs and torso, brush towards the groin on your legs and towards the armpits on your upper body. You can do the same during gentle massage with your partner.


43. Sugar-coated. More than three million South Africans suffer from type 2 diabetes, and the incidence is increasing – with new patients getting younger. New studies show this type of diabetes is often part of a metabolic syndrome (X Syndrome), which includes high blood pressure and other risk factors for heart disease.

More than 80% of type 2 diabetics die of heart disease, so make sure you control your glucose levels, and watch your blood pressure and cholesterol counts.


44. Relax, it’s only sex. Stress and sex make bad bedfellows, it seems. A US survey showed that stress, kids and work are main factors to dampen libido. With the advent of technology that allows us to work from home, the lines between our jobs and our personal lives have become blurred.

People work longer hours, commutes are longer and work pervades all aspects of our lives, including our sexual relationships. Put nooky and intimacy on the agenda, just like everything else.



45. Good night, sweetheart. Rest heals the body and has been shown to lessen the risk of heart trouble and psychological problems.

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